Find me on Google Scholar and PhilPapers.


  1. Lynch K, Parke EC & O’Malley MA (forthcoming). How causal are microbiomes? A comparison with the Helicobacter pylori explanation of ulcers. Biology & Philosophy.
    Target article currently undergoing peer commentary—see here for details.

  2. Woolley S, Parke EC, Kelley D, Poole AM & Ganley A (2019). Striving for clarity about the “Lamarckian” nature of CRISPR-Cas systems. Biology & Philosophy, 34, 11. [pdf]

  3. O'Malley MA & Parke EC (2018). Microbes, mathematics, and models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 72, 1–10.    [pdf]

  4. Parke EC, Calcott B & O'Malley MA (2018). A cautionary note for claims about the microbiome's impact on the "self." PLoS Biology, 16(9), e2006654. [pdf]

  5. Parke EC & Russell JC (2018). Ethical responsibilities in invasion biology. The Ecological Citizen, 2(1), 17–19.   [pdf]

  6. Parke EC (2014). Experiments, simulations, and epistemic privilege. Philosophy of Science, 81(4), 516–536.   [pdf]

  7. Parke EC (2014). Flies from meat and wasps from trees: Reevaluating Francesco Redi's spontaneous generation experiments. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 45, 34–42.    [pdf]

  8. Parke EC (2013). What could arsenic bacteria teach us about life? Biology & Philosophy, 28(2), 205–218.    [pdf]

  9. Bedau MA, McCaskill JS, Packard NH, Parke EC & Rasmussen S (2013). Introduction to recent developments in living technology. Artificial Life, 19, 291–298. [pdf]

  10. Bedau MA, Parke EC, Tangen U & Hantsche-Tangen B (2009). Social and ethical checkpoints for bottom-up synthetic biology, or protocells. Systems and Synthetic Biology, 3, 65–75.    [pdf]

    Book Chapters

  11. Parke EC (forthcoming 2019). Dimensions of life definitions. In K Smith & C Mariscal (Eds.), Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology (forthcoming). Oxford University Press.

  12. Parke EC & Bedau MA (2009). The precautionary principle and its critics. In MA Bedau & EC Parke (Eds.), The Ethics of Protocells (pp. 69–87). MIT Press.

  13. Bedau MA & Parke EC (2009). Social and ethical issues concerning protocells. In S Rasmussen et al. (Eds.), Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter (pp. 641–654). MIT Press.

    Edited Books

  14. Bedau MA & Parke EC (2009). The ethics of protocells: Moral and social implications of creating life in the laboratory. MIT Press.

  15. Bedau MA, Hansen PG, Parke EC & Rasmussen S (2009). Living technology: Five questions. Automatic Press/VIP.


  16. BioHeritage Bioethics Panel (2019). Predator Free New Zealand: Social, cultural, and ethical challenges. Biological Heritage National Science Challenge. 26 pages.